16. What is celiac disease?
Celiac (coeliac) disease is one of the most common diseases caused by intolerance to gluten.
Celiac disease is an autoimmune disease which means that the body’s immune system reacts to gluten by attacking its own tissues. In celiac disease ingesting gluten damages the mucous membrane lining the small intestine, preventing normal digestion and food absorption.
It is not contagious but is largely an inherited disease.
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